Living Danube Strengthening capacities for the protection of Middle Danube ecosystems - Road to Sustainability of the Croatia - Serbia Cross Border Region

Protected areas

Biosphere Reserve Mura – Drava – Dunav

 

The area of the first Croatian Transboundary Biosphere Reserve covers the entire flow of the rivers Mura, the Drava and the Danube, and Nature Park Kopački Rit on an area of ​​395,861 hectares and Hungarian part that also covers areas along the Mura, the Drava and the Danube, including Hungarian Natura 2000 and the Danube – Drava National Park. The Mura and the Drava rivers are areas of outstanding natural value at regional, national and European level, whereas the Drava River Basin is characteristic for its floodplain and the richness of wetlands and aquatic habitats. Despite the impact of humans, the Mura, the Drava and the Danube, mark the outstanding natural values ​​and high biological and landscape diversity among European rivers.

 

Nature Park Kopački rit

 

The Nature Park Kopački Rit is located in the northeast of Croatia, on a total area of ​​17,700 hectares, with the Special zoological reserve on 7,143 hectares in its southern part. Kopački rit was designated on the List of Ramsar areas in 1993, and in 2004 it was included in the list of IBAs (Important Bird Areas). Besides that, the Nature Park and Special Zoological Reserve were assigned as an area of international importance, being a part of the “Natura 2000 Networking Program”. Kopački rit – Baranya’s nature park, contains the remains of a flooded ecosystem, which includes parts of existing floodplains of two great rivers – the Drava and the Danube. Kopački rit, as a phenomenon of nature’s inner delta of the Danube and the Drava, is unique in Europe, being the largest fluvial wetland area of the Middle Danube. Great biodiversity of 2000 biological species is a reflection of the rich flora and fauna. Natural water exchange through the continuous flooding is the main environmental factor on which the life of the wetland depends, which is also one of the last preserved wetlands of the Danube region. More on the website: www.kopacki-rit.com

 

Regional park Mura – Drava

 

The Regional Park Mura-Drava is one of Europe’s largest protected natural areas along lowland rivers (the Mura and the Drava) on a total area of 87,681 hectares. On February 10th 2011, the area along the two rivers was protected, and in July 2012, UNESCO declared this park a part of the Transboundary Biosphere Reserve Mura-Drava-Danube. This is also the first regional park in Croatia. The aims for protecting this ecosystem were to preserve the natural habitats endangered at national and European level, as well as all the species that inhabit the park, and to preserve the exceptional landscape value, geological, cultural and traditional heritage.

 

Special Nature Reserve Gornje Podunavlje

 

The Special Nature Reserve “Gornje Podunavlje” extends along the left bank of the Danube in Serbia and represents one of the last remaining oasis of once widespread wetland forests. Being one of the last great centers of biodiversity in the Danube area, on ​​19,605 hectares, it has enjoyed the status of the Special Nature Reserve since 2001. This area is of great importance for permanent benefit of the world significant natural values. The entire area consists of richly interwoven network of diverse ecosystems: water,wetlands, swamp, forest, meadow, etc. The Special Nature Reserve “Gornje Podunavlje” should be seen only as a part of the larger area, as it borders the Danube-Drava National Park in the north, while Kopački Rit stretches in the west. It is characterized by an exceptional diversity of flora and fauna. More on the website:www.gornjepodunavlje.info

 

Special Nature Reserve Karađorđevo

 

The Special Nature Reserve Karađorđevo is located in the southwestern part of the municipality Bačka Palanka and Bač, 50 km from Novi Sad, consisting of spatial units of Bukinski rit and Mostonga which includes the locations of Vranjak and Guvnište. This nature reserve is situated on the left bank of the Danube River with an area of ​​2,955 hectares belonging to the category of great ecological significance, as it represents a reserve for maintenance of genetic diversity of big game. The swamp forests of native poplar and willows are a habitat to many endangered plant and animal species that are on the Red List of flora in Serbia.

 

Nature Park Tikvara

 

The Tikvara Nature Park, with an area of ​​508 hectares, is located on the left bank of the Danube, in the territory of the municipality Bačka Palanka in Serbia. The basic value of this natural park is a lake Tikvara with a network of the Danube backwaters, canals and wetland habitats, and dynamic changes of morphology and vegetation of the alluvial areas affected by the water regime of the Danube. The erosion has an important influence on the shape of the natural vegetation in the park, showing almost completely preserved successive series of plants covering alluvial areas. The mosaic of forest and non-forest habitats, which influenced the regulation of rivers, are becoming less common in Europe and thus are among the most valuable natural features of the park.